Year: 2017

Renewable Fuel Standard Update

On July 5, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its proposed Renewable Volume Obligations (RVOs) for 2018 including biomass-based diesel for 2019. The following table and figure summarize the amounts along with the RVOs for the previous four years:

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Diesel Exhaust Fluid: Fastest Growing Non-Fertilizer Use for Urea

Diesel Exhaust Fluid, DEF, is a mixture of urea at 32.5% and deionized water at 67.5%. It is used in vehicles with heavy duty diesel engines to control NOx emissions. The U.S. NOx emission standard of 0.20 grams per brake

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Developing Skills Required for Peer Review Participation and Leadership

While preparing a talk for the SPE Calgary Section on the Role of the Peer Reviewer looking at Unconventional Field Development Plans and Complex Well Designs, I was reflecting on how poorly prepared I had been for my first encounters

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International Testing of a Carbon Capture Technology

According to the latest US Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report, electricity generation is the largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, accounting for 30 % of the total. On a global basis according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), carbon

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Learning to Live with Low Break-even Oil Prices: Creating Incremental Value

I particularly liked the latest SPE Distinguished Lecture by Reidar Bratvold, Professor of Petroleum Investment and Decision Analysis at the University of Stavanger in Norway, about ‘Creating Value from Uncertainty and Flexibility’, because it also points to a potential solution.

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Learning to Live with Low Break-even Oil Prices: Where Are We?

What if it is true, that the current situation is the new norm? In what ways do we need to change how we evaluate, plan and manage new development opportunities and ongoing production operations in a more uncertain and, possibly,

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Montreal Protocol Amended to Phase-Out Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)

Last October, the 197 signatories to the Montreal Protocol met in Kigali, Rwanda, and reached an agreement to limit the use of hydrofluorocarbons. HFCs were first introduced in the 1980s as substitutes for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) which were

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New Gas-To-Liquid Alternatives

Presently there are only six full-scale Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) plants operating in the world and all of these are based on the process discovered by two German chemists, Dr. Franz Fischer and Dr. Hans Tropsch almost a hundred years

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