Last October, the 197 signatories to the Montreal Protocol met in Kigali, Rwanda, and reached an agreement to limit the use of hydrofluorocarbons. HFCs were first introduced in the 1980s as substitutes for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) which were identified as ozone depleting chemicals (ODCs.) ODCs contain either chlorine or bromine. Fluorine, on the other hand, (more…)
Presently there are only six full-scale Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) plants operating in the world and all of these are based on the process discovered by two German chemists, Dr. Franz Fischer and Dr. Hans Tropsch almost a hundred years ago. These two chemists showed that passing a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, known as synthesis gas, over a catalyst could produce long chain hydrocarbons. (more…)
On November 14, Alaska Airlines used a 20% blend of cellulosic-based jet fuel on a flight from Seattle to Washington DC. Feedstock for the jet fuel was forestry wastes that were converted into sugars at Washington State University which leads the Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA). NARA, a consortium of 32 (more…)
I started writing this blog about a year ago under the working title “Big Data is Watching You – But why isn’t it working for you?” But lots of players had similar thoughts after viewing the infomercials and exhibits by the Data Analytics Service Providers at the Petroleum Conferences in 2H 2015! (more…)
With the recent signing of its Climate Change Legislation and its Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS), California has embarked on historic steps to reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions. On September 8, 2016, Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. signed Senate Bill 32 and Assembly Bill 197 which, together, requires California to reduce GHG (more…)
Just over a year ago, in June 2015, Shell Chemical received approval from Pennsylvania’s Department of Environmental Protection to proceed with its plans to build an ethane cracker in Beaver County, Pa. (see my October (more…)
It is well known that China is facing a water crisis. With 20% of the world’s population, China has only 7% of the world’s fresh water. According to Liu Changming, a retired hydrologist for the Chinese Academy of Science, four hundred Chinese cities now face a water shortage of which 115 cities have severe shortages. Most of the (more…)
It always intrigues me to learn how easy it is to make money, in this case, without substantial risk, in the trading world if you only had the “tools” to do it. This morning I read that three trading companies have chartered four crude oil carriers off Singapore and locked in short term trades to make, what I consider big money. (more…)
This is the sixth time I have been under-employed in my career. The oil price pendulum has that impact!
To date, this is neither the longest nor toughest downturn, it just feels that way. Amazingly, however, some (more…)
After reading Marshall Frank’s Three Carbon Dioxide Utilization Technologies, we identified another promising CO2 feedstock process that promises to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Solid Carbon Products LLC (more…)